Over the last century thousands of local varieties of seed have disappeared. The Food and Agricultural Organizations of the United Nations estimates that nearly 75% of genetic diversity has been lost during that time (www.ifoam.org).
The consolidation of the US seed industry continues at an alarming rate, as much of the seed industry controlled by 6 big companies.
The consolidation of seed resources and massive loss of genetic diversity is counteracted by organic seed producers. We need to maintain a healthy, vibrant organic seed industry to offer farmers and consumers a choice.Stronger Seed, Stronger Crops.
The regional adaptation of varieties makes them robust− seed farmers can select varieties of plants that perform well under local ecological conditions and pressures such as pests and disease, and climate.
Such selection and breeding will strengthen the organic community by building a sound foundation for organic agriculture with independent seed resources adapted to the unique requirements of low-input organic production systems by region.Conventional Seed Farming Uses More Chemicals.
Seed crops are often in the ground longer than food crops. In conventional seed production, as a result, more chemical herbicides and pesticides are used. The allowance for chemical pesticides and herbicides applied to seed is also much higher because seed is considered a non-food crop.
This means more chemicals are applied over a longer period of time than anything else we grow−contributing to the degradation of the environment, biological diversity, and human health.